Surveyors or land surveyors are the scientific method, profession, craft, and art of ascertaining the precise horizontal, vertical, or three-dimensional places and the angles and distances between them. A surveyor is usually referred to as a land surveyor, a surveyor of surveyors. Land surveyors are a group of qualified surveyors who perform surveys on public lands for the purpose of land ownership. The duties of these surveyors include determining the boundaries, distance, area, or measurements of land that are open to public use. They use specialized equipment such as surveyors’ tables, surveyors’ charts, surveyors’ tapes, and other instruments to determine their work.
There are three types of land surveyors: the one who does the surveying for his own personal or private use; the one who is employed by the government in conducting official land surveys; and the one who is employed by an outside agency to conduct land surveys in areas that are not yet under government jurisdiction. Each type of surveyor has distinct duties that are related to the tasks assigned to them. Most land surveyors are paid by the hour, while others are paid per survey. The best paid surveyors are those who are hired by the government for the purpose of conducting official land surveys. These surveyors are the ones who get paid for the services they provide. Surveyors who are employed by private companies are paid by the mile or by the kilometer.
Surveys conducted by land surveyors are done on land that is not zoned for public use. This means that a survey conducted for a residential development or industrial activity would not be as important for a company like McDonald’s as it would be for a city development. The land that land surveyors take surveys on is called private land. Public land is land that is zoned for public use and used by the public, usually on the roads or through recreational facilities. The term “public” is used because land that is not zoned for commercial or industrial use can be taken for public use, or sold for that purpose. Land that is not zoned for commercial or industrial use cannot be given away as a freebie, so it is treated as private land. Surveyors also take land that is not zoned for housing but is needed for the development of commercial establishments, like a farm, a city park, or a shopping mall.